BachBaras / Gau Vats Dwadeshi

Posted by on Aug 21, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

BachBaras / Gau Vats Dwadeshi

Bach is short form of Bachda which means “calf” and baras means “twelve”. Bach Baras or Gau Vats Dwadeshi is a festival which follows janmashtmi (lord krishna’s b’day) and is done on twelth day of Kartik month (according to hindi calendar) during Krishna paksh (waning moon period ). This fast is observed in different parts of India with different names, but with same intention.

In India Cow is considered a pious mammal. It is believed that a cow bestows her blessings when worshipped.

On this day, cow and its calf are worshipped. In the morning after women do the regular bathing and cleaning they make idols of cow with dough and worship those idols by offering them prayers. When in evening cows and calves return to home after grazing, they are offered new clothes, garland and sprouted gram. They offer prayers and recite tales related to bach baras. Women who have children do fasting on this day, depriving themselves from eating wheat and foodstuff prepared by cow’s milk. They also avoid using knife to chop vegetables. They eat sprouted gram and chapatti made from maize. It is believed that cow bestows prosperity and longevity of children, if worshipped on bachbaras.

According to one legend, once when Lord Krishna was taking his cows and calves to grazing meadows for the first time, her mother Yashoda colored the floor with rangoli, offered prayers to cows and did Tilak on Krishna’s forehead. Only after that he allowed lord Krishna to take cows for grazing. Women fast on this day commemorating the first grazing tour of Lord Krishna.

According to another legend, in some far off village, an old lady use to reside with her daughter in law. Once when old lady went to take bath in the river, she ordered her daughter in law to give fodder to the calves and cook fish in the pot. As daughter in law was busy in some other work, she could not listen to her mother in law’s orders perfectly. She slaughtered the calf and cooked her. When the old lady returned she was heart-borke and had a delusion that his son’s life was in some danger. So the old lady resoluted to fast till the calf was back live again.

Seeing her mother in law panicked, feared daughter in law made calf effigy with dough and started to worship that effigy. During dusk, due the effects of fasting, when cows began to return from grazing land even her calf was seen returning. Watching this, the old lady was happy that the crisis to the life of her son was averted.

This fast observes importance of children in mother’s life. Both calf and its cow (mother) are worshipped this day.

Leave a Reply